Differences between descriptive, narrative and dissertative texts

As noted above, text is written or spoken speech. Its structure covers linguistic knowledge, intention modality. English Language has several textual types to recognize their characteristics and how to develop them are requirements in selective employment processes, vestibular, ENEM and public competitions.

Characteristics of descriptive texts

The descriptive text, as the name itself indicates, is that which aims to describe a certain object. By object, one must understand something physical, as well as people, animals, events, or anything else that can be described by one person to another.

Unlike the narration, which makes a story progress, it makes interruptions in history, to better present a character, a place, an object, in short, what the author deems necessary to give the text more consistency.

Some of the characteristics that mark the descriptive text are:

Presence of noun, which identifies what is written.

Adjectives and adjective locutions.

Presence of connecting verbs.

There is predominance of the verbal predicate, due to the verbs deligação and to the adjectives.

Use of metaphors and comparisons.

Characteristics of narrative texts

Narrative texts are presentations of facts in sequence. It is a type of text that outlines the actions of characters in a predetermined time and space. For this account to be something endowed with meaning, it contains some elements that perform primordial functions. They are: the characters, fundamental pieces for the composition of the story, storyteller, space, time, and well-known, that is, the subject matter. Antarctica has the following structure:

Presentation. Also called introduction, in this initial part the author of the text presents the characters, the place and the time in which the plot will unfold.

Development: Here much of the story is developed with a focus on the actions of the characters.

Climax: Part of the development of history, the climax designates the most exciting moment in the narrative.

Outcome: Also called the conclusion, it is determined by the final narrative, where from the events, the conflicts are being developed.

They are formed by plot, character (protagonist, antagonist ecoadjuvante), narrator (observer or character), environment, time (chronological or psychological).

Characteristics of the dissertation texts

The dissertation texts bring a point of view and its explanation, with reliable data. The author can lead the text to provoke change of thought in the reader and when this happens we have an argumentative dissertation.

Dissertation means “talking about.” It is the text in which they are exposed, followed by arguments that prove them. In the dissertation, the student needs to reveal his opinion about the subject, to master the language and to have a good repertoire. It is only possible to have a good argument if the candidate is kept informed. The student can interpret a text and answer the following questions: What is the issue that is discussed in the text? What is the position of the writer? What arguments does he use to defend his proposal? What arguments does the copy writer rebate?

In this type of dissertation, the author exposes his position on the fact and justifies it with real examples. The dissertation is composed:

Introduction. The first paragraph of an essay should present the subject. The introduction may have a quotation, comparison, question and a narration;

Development. From the second to the penultimate paragraph, there will be the other side of the proposal of the text, discussion on the subject and counterpart, besides the position of the author, through historical facts and statistical data;

Conclusion. In the last paragraph there is a brief resumption of initial idea, followed by a proposed resolution of the problem presented, or else, proposal of continuity of the discussion.

In such a text, the author must take the reader into a sequential account of his thoughts, so that he accepts his position. But the text must be impersonal. Unless otherwise requested, all dissertations must transpose impersonality, using such words, verbs, and pronouns in the third person. It is also important to use a simple but cultured language and sem colloquialism.

The texts: interpretation of narrative texts, dissertation descriptions

Reading is an important process to get to know. But to read in its full sense of the word is to give meaning to life and the world, to master the richness of any text, whether literary, informative, persuasive, narrative, possibilities that make them infinite. It is necessary, to make a good reading, to exercise in the art of thinking, of catching ideas, of investigating words, etc.

When you have a text before your eyes, you must know how to interpret it. Recognizing in the text each of its characteristics and paying attention to the verbal meanings are ideal means to comprehend a text that is descriptive, narrative or assertive.

It is very common, among the candidates or candidates for a public charge, the concern with the interpretation of texts. This is because they lack specific information regarding this constant task in evidence related to such competitions.

Therefore an aid with the texts: interpretation of narrative, descriptive and dissertative texts can be of many merit.

Here are some tips for facilitating interpretation:

Read the whole text, looking for an overview of the subject;

If you find unfamiliar words, do not interrupt them;

Read the text at least twice;


Return to the text as many times as necessary;

Do not let your ideas prevail over those of the author;

Fragment the text (paragraphs, parts) for better understanding;

Check carefully and carefully the statement of each question;

Perceive and analyze the ideas that the author defends.